麋鹿

麋鹿 Gallery Image

麋鹿

麋鹿也被称为“大卫神父鹿”。这是为了纪念这位法国传教士而得名。他于1866年将麋鹿的标本带回西方。中文有时也将其称为“四不像”,因为麋鹿与四种动物看起来相似。据称它有“牛蹄而非牛,骆驼颈而非驼,鹿角而非鹿,驴尾而非驴”。

In the late 1800s, the only herd in the world was kept in the Nanyuan Royal Hunting Garden by the Emperor Tongzhi. A few deer were bought by European zoos, and so when the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900 caused the remaining deer to be killed and eaten for food, the only ones remaining were in zoos. The world is changing, habitats are being affected by human activity and more species are now preserved in zoos. What is your opinion of zoos?

19世纪后期,世界上最后一群麋鹿由同治皇帝饲养在南苑皇家狩猎园。欧洲的动物园买下了几头鹿,所以当1900年义和团运动爆发时,其余的鹿都被杀了或者被吃了,仅剩几头鹿在动物园里。世界在不断变化,人类活动在不断影响动物的栖息地,越来越多的物种现在依靠动物园来保护。你对动物园有什么看法呢?

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    Olivia

    I enjoy visiting zoos and I hope the animals get treated well, but I do feel sorry for the animals as they have limited space to move around and they are in the public eye a lot of the time.

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    Shuang Yang

    麋鹿原生于中国长江中下游的沼泽地带。长相常和驯鹿混淆。
    Milu deer are native to the swampy areas of the middle and lower Yangtze River in China. Looks are often confused with reindeer.

    Grigore Donose

    Este o zi speciala pentru a-mi reaminti istoria acestei caprioare pe care am auzit-o de la profesorii de istorie la liceu in Romania. Am vazut azi ceea ce am invatat acum cativa in liceu.

    Federica Sebastiano

    Notes on culture
    The Bioparco di Roma is the oldest zoological garden in Italy. It was first inaugurated over 100 years ago, on 5 January 1911.
    Since then, the Bioparco has undergone drastic changes, evolving from a mere exhibition centre for exotic species to an active promoter of the conservation of biodiversity. It seeks to achieve this aim in three ways: preservation, education, and research.
    Firstly, the Bioparco is a member of EAZA (European Association of Zoos and Aquaria) and is committed to active participation in national and international conservation projects.
    Biodiversity conservation is crucial because it is threatened by deforestation, poaching, pollution, illegal trade, habitat destruction and climate change. For this reason, the Bioparco takes part in preservation projects in-situ (meaning in the animal’s natural habitat) and ex-situ (meaning outside of their natural habitat).
    Secondly, the zoological garden is committed to educating people to protect the environment and biodiversity. This is why the Bioparco regularly proposes environmental education activities for schools and the public at large to induce a concrete change of attitude and ensure that citizens and students are more sensitive and active towards the conservation of biodiversity.
    Finally, the Bioparco undertakes research to better understand animals and their behaviour. Modern zoos like the Bioparco allow us to investigate aspects of the lives of elusive and shy animals that, due to their characteristics, are difficult, if not impossible, to monitor in their natural habitat.
    Furthermore, Bioparco collaborates in its research activities with universities, other zoological facilities and national and international research organisations, whose aim is to investigate various aspects of a species, both veterinary and eco-ethological, such as nutrition, behaviour, health, or social organisation.
    I went to the Bioparco di Roma when I was an elementary school pupil. Even though it has been many years since then, I can still vividly remember the experience as it opened my eyes to the importance of biodiversity. Zoos have acquired a bad reputation throughout the decades and for good reason. Animals should not be exploited for entertainment, and it is encouraging to know that many agree with this statement now and are much more sensitive to animal rights. However, modern zoos can become an asset for biodiversity. As exemplified by the Bioparco di Roma, they can become a place to protect and understand animals and prevent their extinction in some cases.

    Lina

    I talked to my children, and they all have positive opinions on zoos. Given good management and sufficient funds, a zoo is a great place to save and preserve animal species, especially endangered animals. Although some people may think that an animal in a zoo may not be as happy as they would be in their natural habitat as they have lost their freedom, in comparison to the difficult natural living conditions for some animals, being able to survive and reproduce is more important than the aspect of freedom.

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