Atto di Cittadinanza Romana

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in Italiano / Italian translated by Isabella McNamara-Catalano

This object has been translated into 4 different languages by 4 different users

Atto di Cittadinanza Romana

La scrittura su questo premio di cittadinanza in bronzo (assegnato nel 158 d.C.) indica che il soldato che lo ha ricevuto proveniva originariamente da Heliopolis o Baalbek in Siria. Persone indigene provenienti da tutto l’Impero Romano fornivano soldati per servire nell’esercito. Dopo aver servito per 25 anni, venivano loro conferite la cittadinanza romana. I registri di cittadinanza romana erano incisi su una lamina di bronzo. I frammenti di questo premio sono stati trovati da ricercatori con il metal detector. Non conosciamo il nome del soldato. Crediamo che si sia unito a un reggimento che ha contribuito a reprimere una seria ribellione in Giudea o Israele tra il 135 e il 138 d.C. Dopo aver lasciato l’esercito, deve essersi stabilito nel Nord Ovest. I cercatori, James e Howard Meadowcroft, hanno ricevuto il premio archeologico britannico BP nel 1996. Scoperto a Ravenglass, Cumbria.

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    Lauren Campbell

    These bronze tablets were used across the Roman Empire to record all elements of Roman Law. Another example is on display at the National Archeology Museum in Spain alongside the following description:

    Discovered in Osuna, a town in Spain’s Seville province, this tablet is a record of the part of Roman law governing city life in the Roman city of Colonia Genua Iulia, named after the city’s founder, Julius Caesar.

    The laws were enacted by Mark Anthony following Caesar’s death. However, the slabs actually date back to the times of the Flavian Dynasty in the second half of the 1st century AD. Around this time, some additions were made to the Lex Ursonensis, the city’s foundation charter. This text was originally made up of 142 sections, 73 of which have been uncovered with the discovery of these five tablets.

    This type of legal tablet, used to write regulations into law on bronze for their long-term preservation, were displayed in public buildings. They became a crucial mode of communication, enabling the Romanisation of all the Empire’s cities under Roman law.

    Lauren Campbell

    The original Spanish text reads:

    Descubiertas en Osuna en 1870, estas tablas recogen parte de la ley que regulaba la vida municipal de esta ciudad romana llamada Colonia Genua Iulia, en honor de su fundador Julio César.

    La ley fue promulgada por Marco Antonio, poco después de la muerte de César, pero estas piezas datan de época Flavia, segunda mitad del siglo I, fecha en la cual se intercalaron algunas anotaciones en la Lex Ursonensis. Este texto legal constaba originalmente de 142 capítulos de los que conservamos 73 distribuidos en cinco tablas.

    Este tipo de tablas legales, donde la ley se fija por escrito en bronce, con el fin de que perduren mucho tiempo, eran expuestas para su lectura y conocimiento en edificios públicos, convirtiéndose en un medio de comunicación social primordial para conseguir la plena romanización de todas las ciudades del Imperio sujetas a Roma por el derecho latino.

    You can read more here: http://ceres.mcu.es/pages/ResultSearch?Museo=MANT&txtSimpleSearch=Museo%20Espa%F1ol%20de%20Antig%FCedades.%20Tomo%20VIII.%20L%E1mina%202&simpleSearch=0&hipertextSearch=1&search=advancedSelection&MuseumsSearch=MANT|&MuseumsRolSearch=36&listaMuseos=[Museo%20Arqueol%F3gico%20Nacional%20(Colecci%F3n%20Tesoros%20del%20MAN)]

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